Policy Reforms in Indian Water and Sanitation Sector
In moving towards universal water and sanitation services there is renewed emphasis on providing services to a broad range of marginalised communities, households and individuals – people that are often the hardest to reach. As a sector, there is a need to explore howwater and sanitation programming can ensure that equity and inclusiveness in access improves in order to reduce inequality between different users such as rich and poor, urban and rural, informal and formal urban settlements, and disadvantaged groups. Typically, national rural and urban sanitation policies are developed independently and are managed by different government departments. Ministries formulate policies and establish programs to support their implementation, including monitoring of state-level programs. Recent policy documents produced by these ministries emphasize a decentralized approach to sanitation in both rural and urban contexts empowering state and local governments to create and carry out water supply and sanitation plans. Successful policy reform implementation requires political will and facilitation, but technical, economic, environmental and social considerations are also important.
The NSSWS call for relevant actors to acknowledge the linkages and dependencies between actors and actions that have sometimes operated in isolation requires joint thinking and action for urban and rural policy reforms.
NATIONAL SUSTAINABLE WATER & SANITATION SUMMIT 2016
1 & 2 Dec 2016, New Delhi, India